The Land Of Minerals

By: Rizwan Brohi

The nature has preserved precious wealth of minerals under the surface of earth for us. In Sindh, the mountainous areas of Thatta, “Khohistan” are very rich in minerals.

The towns of Thatta, Jungshahi and Jhimpir are totally covered around mountains. Sandstone, gypsum, silica, granite, concrete, limestone and coals are found there.

Man extracted these minerals after quite long labor and utilized them for his own benefit. The sandstone is available in different colors like white, red, and yellow. Silica found there is used in glass manufacturing factory. Sandstone is supplied to other parts of country but mostly it is sent to Faislabad, where it is used to make floor tiles and even used in buildings and roads.

Limestone is also found in all mountains of this area. Different types like massive limestone, chalky limestone and nodular limestone are present here. Hard stone is available in small extent but chalky limestone is in large quantity which is used in cosmetics, distemper and oil paint. A type of limestone is also used in cement and choona, moreover bleach powder and soda are also prepared from it.

In Jhimpir locality, mines of coal are present. It is estimated that there are about 25 million metric tons of coal deposits in these reserves. At present,we are getting twenty thousand metric tons of coal annually from this coal mine which is utilized to make bricks.

The gypsum is accessible in large quantity at Jungshashi. Generally, it is used in construction and preservation of historical places.

The gypsum of Jungshahi is a very valuable stone. It is used for manufacturing cement, chemical, fertilizers, plaster of paris and paper. A brownish stone is also extracted which is supplied to Pakistan Steel Mills. It helps in making iron.

The Quartzite, a stone and granite are quit useful. The local people discover these stones by good labor and they have good artistry for make grinding machines of different sizes from that stone. It is supplied all over country. Grinding machines of stone are called Jhund. Chucky are used in flour mills and homes of rural areas. Local people also make household things from stones.

These people are also known as fine sculptors in Sindh and are used as labor in building works; tombs and mausoleums. They have good artistry to make designs on stones.

The flint stone is available at Jungsahahi in huge capacity. Flint is usually dark grey, black, green, white, or brown in color which is supplied to the other parts of country by contractors. It is used in making pots of china clay.

Flint was used in the construction of many houses and other buildings at Makli Hills and castles of 15 and 16 centuries. The cut stone of Kohistan is also very well known. It is very difficult to find. People carve it in different shapes and polish it to making statues.

These areas are rich with minerals but unfortunately they are not properly utilized. It is the negligence of Sindh government.

These areas are full of natural resources but no factory has been established at Jungshahi. Geologists of our country are unaware of these hidden resources or they have neglected it intentionally.

The minerals of Jungshahi are there since centuries but who will utilize them?